How to Manage Migraines

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Migraines typically cause a pulsing sensation and severe pain on one side of the head and sometimes also cause other symptoms such as nausea and sensitivity to light or sound. The attacks may last just a few hours, but some could occur for a few days. Fortunately, it is possible to manage migraines using certain medications that make them less painful.

How to manage a migraine

Take a break

When you feel a migraine attack coming on, take a break from your normal activities and sit in a cool environment. Turn off or dim your lights because a migraine increases your sensitivity to light.

Temperature therapy

Use cold and hot compresses on your head and neck for relief. Hot compresses help your muscles to relax and cold compresses may have a numbing effect.

Get enough sleep

Migraine studies suggest that failure to get enough sleep may trigger migraines, so establishing regular sleep hours to ensure that you get enough sleep every night may be helpful. If you have to take naps, keep them short as they may interfere with your sleep. Sleep may also be helpful during a migraine attack. Avoid taking your phone or other distractions to bed and consuming caffeine and other stimulants close to your bedtime as they may make it difficult to sleep.

Manage stress

Stress is a part of life but it may trigger migraines. Find time to do activities that you enjoy and avoid spending too much time doing stressful activities. Keep a positive attitude and take a break whenever you feel overwhelmed at work or school.

Keep a diary

Your migraine diary may help you to identify your triggers. Write about your migraines, how they started, how long they lasted, and how you managed them. Look out for patterns which may help you to avoid triggers and manage the migraines better.

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